The American Civil War


Abraham Lincoln

The American Civil War
Abraham Lincoln was the 16th American President who served in office from March 4, 1861 to April 15, 1865. The events of the American Civil War dominated his presidency. The
American Civil War was fought between the Union and the Confederacy from April 12, 1861 – May 10, 1865. The bitter, bloody conflict of the Civil War, in which brother fought brother, was fought over a time period of 4 years, 3 weeks and 6 days.

The American Civil War Battles
Over 10,000 separate conflicts were fought, mostly small, forgotten skirmishes, that have been eclipsed in history by the horrific battles fought at Bull Run, Antietam, Vicksburg, Shiloh, Chickamauga, Fort Donelson and Gettysburg. It is estimated that the American Civil War resulted in the deaths of 618,222 men, 360,222 from the North and 258,000 from the South  with an additional 500,000 casualties. This website details the major events of the American Civil War.


The American Civil War: The Civil War Sitemap
The Civil War Sitemap provides access to all the articles from the causes of the conflict, the attempts to reach a compromise to avoid secession of the Southern States, the establishment of the Confederate States of America, the weapons and the uniforms, the battlefields, the military strategies and the terrible battles fought during the American Civil War. An ideal educational resource for kids, schools, college and homework projects.

The American Civil War History: A Short History of each Year
The following links provide access to interesting information and an overview of each individual year of the Civil War. Discover facts about the major political events and the military progress of both the Union and Confederate armies and the battlefields that they fought on. A short history of the Civil War in just five pages! An ideal overview of the history of the Civil War for kids, students, schools and homework.

The American Civil War: The Causes of the Civil War
There were many Causes of the Civil War, in fact we have listed no less than 38 contributing factors to the causes of the Civil War! The causes of the Civil War are presented in a comprehensive list with access to detailed articles for those searching for additional facts and information.

The American Civil War Timeline: Key Dates and Events and the Union Blockade
Civil War Timeline provides a month by month, year by year chronicle of all of the key dates of important political events and military clashes of the Civil War. It is estimated that  2.75 million soldiers fought in the American Civil War. Two million from the Northern states and 750,000 from the Southern states. Facts and information about the military strategy of enforcing the Union Blockade. Extremely helpful overview of key dates for kids, students, schools and homework.

The American Civil War: The Confederacy
The Confederacy consisted of eleven southern states that seceded (withdrew) from the Union to form their own country in 1860 and 1861 before, or just after, the inauguration of President Abraham Lincoln on March 4, 1861 and the start of the Civil War. The southern states that formed Confederate States of America (in order of secession) were South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas, Virginia, Arkansas, North Carolina and Tennessee. Four border states from the Upper South then seceded from the Union and were also admitted to the Confederacy (Virginia, Arkansas, North Carolina and Tennessee). The Confederate States of America later accepted 2 additional states (Missouri and Kentucky), although neither of these states officially declared secession nor were they ever controlled by Confederate forces during the Civil War.

The American Civil War: Inventions and Technology
The article on Civil War Inventions and Technology
will bring some surprises. The American Civil War was revolutionized by the many inventions made possible by advances in technology that were prompted by the desperate need of new weapons and new advancements in military warfare. submarine, torpedoes, ironclads, mines, landmines, rifles and artillery. Communications between the battlefields were enhanced by telegraph and signaling systems. The transportation of troops and equipment was transformed by the railroad. Examples of Civil War Inventions and technology featured include weaponry, artillery, transportation, communications and medical advances. Discover facts and information about the Ironclads: Monitor vs Merrimac and the amazing history of the Confederate Submarine.

The American Civil War: Civil War Weapons
Discover interesting facts and info about the
Civil War weapons, war machines and technology that were used by soldiers on the battlefields, and at sea.

Mortar used during the Siege of Petersburg, Virginia

A 13 inch mortar used during the Siege of Petersburg, Virginia.

Neither side was prepared for the Civil War. At the opening of hostilities, the U.S. Army consisted of less than 17,000 regular troops. The weapons used during the American Civil War included:

Small Weapons
Hand Grenades

Large Weapons
Napoleon Cannon
Field Guns
Gatling Gun
Ironclad Warships
Confederate Submarines

Civil War Cannon

Civil War Cannon

The American Civil War: Union and Confederate Uniforms
The combatants of the American Civil War were the southern states who joined the Confederate States of America (CSA), also referred to the Confederacy or simply "The South" and the Union (USA) referred to as "The North". The term "Yankee" was the most common nickname for people from the North as well as Union soldiers in the Civil War, other nicknames included Billy Yanks, Jayhawkers, Blue-bellies, Yanks, Bummers and Federals. The soldiers of the South, the Confederacy (CSA), were called by nicknames such as Johnny Rebs, Butternuts, Grays, Rebels, Rebs, Graybacks, Dixie
and Secesh (short for secessionist). Some of the nicknames referred to the Civil War uniforms worn by the soldiers. Confederate troops wore troops wore gray or butternut uniforms (they used nutshells to make the dye) - refer to Confederate Soldiers Uniforms. Whereas Union soldiers wore blue uniforms -  refer to Union Soldiers Uniforms. Guerrilla fighters of the Confederate army were called Bushwackers.

The American Civil War and Facts: The Mason-Dixon Line
The Mason-Dixon Line was the boundary line that split the free states of the North from the slave states of the South in the Civil War. The Mason-Dixon Line went between Pennsylvania to the north and Virginia, Maryland, and Delaware to the south. The word 'Dixie' was used to designate the South in the United States.

The American Civil War: Civil War Statistics and the Cost of the American Civil War
There are many interesting facts and Civil War Statistics, especially relating to the casualties of war. And what about the Financial Cost of the Civil War? Do you know how many rounds per minute a Gatling gun could fire or how much it cost to capture Jefferson Davis? Both of these articles are full of interesting stats and facts about the Civil War.

The American Civil War and Facts: Prisoners of War
A massive number of troops on both sides were taken as prisoners during the American Civil War. An estimated number of some 214,000 Confederate soldiers were imprisoned in the North in the Civil War, during which time 26,000 of them died. Approximately 211,000 Union soldiers were captured and imprisoned in the South in the Civil War, during which time approximately 30,000 of them died. Andersonville Prison, Georgia and Libby Prison, at Richmond, Virginia were two of the Confederate military prisons for Union Army soldiers in the Civil War. Camp Chase, Ohio and Rock Island Prison, Illinois were two of the Union prisons for Confederate soldiers in the Civil War. There were few places available initially to hold captive prisoners and exchange system was used. The exchange system of the Civil War disintegrated in 1863 because the Confederacy refused to treat black prisoners the same as white prisoners.


The Civil War and Facts: Civil War Generals and Leaders
The most famous Civil War Generals and leaders in the war were

Union Generals and Leaders
President Abraham Lincoln
Edwin M. Stanton (Secretary of War)
Ulysses S. Grant
William T. Sherman
David D. Porter
George Mcclellan
Philip Sheridan
George Custer

Confederate Generals and Leaders
President Jefferson Davis
Judah P. Benjamin (Secretary of War)
Robert E. Lee
Joseph E. Johnston
Raphael Semmes
Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson
Braxton Bragg
P.G.T. Beauregard

The best Generals of the war were General Robert E. Lee for the Confederacy and General Ulysses S. Grant for the Union. General Robert E. Lee claimed famous victories at Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville for the South and bravely defended a perimeter around Petersburg and Richmond. General Ulysses S. Grant was the strong, brilliant adversary of General Robert E. Lee. General Grant led Union victories including the battles of Fort Donelson, Fort Henry, Shiloh, Vicksburg and Spotsylvania.

General Sherman at Atlanta

General William T. Sherman at Atlanta


Presidential Seal


The American Civil War: Civil War Battles Timeline

The Civil War Battles Timeline provides provides the dates and results of the major conflicts fought by soldiers of the Confederacy and the Union during the Civil War. Many of the soldiers, on both sides, died from disease because of the unsanitary conditions of the army camps. It is interesting to note that by the end of the Civil War, there were approximately 180,000 Black Troops fighting in the conflict, about 10% of the Union army of which some 38,000 lost their lives. Check for facts and information about the Civil War battlefields via the Civil War Battlefields by State article.

Black Soldier - City Point, Virginia

The American Civil War: American Civil War Battles
Our history of the American Civil War provides a short history of the major
Civil War Battles including the Battle of Gettysburg, the Attack on Fort Sumter, the Battle of Bull Run and the infamous Battle of Antietam. For more in depth articles we have provided details of the following battles and battlefields. For additional information about military Strategy of the Union refer to details of the Anaconda Plan.

Battle of GettysburgThe infamous Civil War battle that saw the death of 51,000 soldiers
Attack on Fort SumterThe Confederate bombardment of Fort Sumter was the first battle of the Civil War
Battle of Bull RunRead about the First and Second Battle of Bull Run
Battle of AntietamThe Battle of Antietam was the bloodiest single day battle in American history.
Battle of ChancellorsvilleFought between the  forces of General Robert E. Lee and General "Stonewall" Jackson
Battle of ShilohThe forces of General Grant were attacked by Confederate General Albert Sidney Johnston
Battle of FredericksburgNearly 17,000 men would die on that dreadful day.
Battle of VicksburgThe Civil War Siege of Vicksburg was fought between May 18-July 4, 1863.
Battle of New OrleansThe lower Mississippi was lost to the Confederacy following defeat at New Orleans
Battle of ChickamaugaThe battle saw Union forces under General Rosecrans defeated and forced to retreat
Battle of ChattanoogaThe Battle of Chattanooga was fought between November 23-25, 1863
Battle of AtlantaGeneral Hood was forced to abandon Atlanta to save his army.
Battle of the Wilderness The two opposing armies met in a dense forest known as the Wilderness.
Seven Days BattlesThe Battles of the Seven Days were fought from from June 25 to July 1, 1862
Battle of NashvilleThe battle was the end of large-scale fighting in the Western Theater of the Civil War
Siege of PetersburgThe bloody trench warfare of the Siege of Petersburg
Battle of Mobile BayAdmiral Farragut had carried his fleet into Mobile Bay - The effects of the Union Blockade
Battle of CorinthThe Battle of Corinth was fought October 3–4, 1862, in Corinth, Mississippi.
Battle of PerryvilleThe culmination of the 1862 Kentucky Campaign.
Battle of Stones RiverThe Battle of Stones River was fought near Murfreesboro
Battle of Cold HarborLearn about the slaughter of the Civil War at the Battle of Cold Harbor
Sherman's March to the SeaSherman's March to the Sea and the "scorched earth" policy of Union soldiers
Battle of Appomattox Court HouseGeneral Lee is trapped by General Sheridan at Battle of Appomattox Court House
Surrender of AppomattoxThe History and Terms of Lee's Surrender at Appomattox

The American Civil War: End of the American Civil War
The Surrender at Appomattox
on April 9, 1865 heralded the start of the end of the American Civil War when General Robert E. Lee surrendered to Union General Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox, Virginia.

The American Civil War: The Assassination of President Abraham Lincoln
The Assassination of Abraham Lincoln was committed by James Wilkes Booth on
April 14, 1865 at at Ford’s Theatre in Washington, D.C. President Lincoln died the next day and was pronounced dead at 7:22 a.m. on April 15, 1865.

The American Civil War Facts- President Abraham Lincoln Video
The article on the Civil War provides an overview of the conflict that divided the nation. The following Abraham Lincoln video will give you additional important facts and dates about the political events experienced by the 16th American President whose presidency spanned from March 4, 1861 to April 15, 1865. Refer to the following for additional facts about the political history and Presidency of Abraham Lincoln during the Civil War Era.




The American Civil War Facts
Interesting Facts about the American Civil War for kids and schools
Definition of the American Civil War Facts in US history
The American Civil War Facts, a major event in US history
Abraham Lincoln Presidency from March 4, 1861 to April 15, 1865
Fast American Civil War Facts for kids and schools
Interesting Facts and information on the American Civil War
Abraham Lincoln Presidency and the American Civil War for schools, homework, kids and children

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