Battle of Gettysburg


Abraham Lincoln

Definition and Summary of Battle of Gettysburg
Definition and Summary: The Battle of Gettysburg,
Pennsylvania was fought on July 1-3, 1863 by the Union Army of the Potomac led by General George Gordon Meade (1815 – 1872) and the  Confederate Army of Northern Virginia led by General Robert E. Lee (1807-1870). This horrific Civil War battle was fought between 94,000 Union soldiers and 72,000 Confederate troops. At the end of three days Union losses were 23,186 and the Confederate losses amounted to 31,621,  it was a victory for the Union. The Battle of Gettysburg involved the largest number of casualties in the Civil War. 3,155 soldiers were killed and 14,531 wounded fighting for the Union and 4,708 killed soldiers were killed and 12,693 wounded fighting for the Confederacy.

Battle of Gettysburg
Abraham Lincoln was the 16th American President from March 4, 1861 to April 15, 1865. One of the key events during the Civil War was the Battle of Gettysburg.

The Battle of Gettysburg - First Day
Battle of Gettysburg, Pa. was fought over three terrible days from July 1-3, 1863. The Confederates were initially the stronger force and drove the Union troops back through the small town of Gettysburg to the high land called Cemetery Ridge. This was a remarkably strong position, with Culp's Hill at one end of the line and the area called Round Tops at the other end. Union General George Meade decided to fight the battle from this position and gathered his forces accordingly.

The Battle of Gettysburg - Second Day
On the second day of conflict matters fared badly with the Union army. Its left flank extended forward from Little Round Top into the fields at the foot of the ridge. The Confederate army drove back this part of the Union line but were unable to seize Little Round Top. On the second day the Confederacy also gained a foothold on Culp's Hill.

Battle of Gettysburg

Battle of Gettysburg

Battle of Gettysburg - Third Day
Early on the morning of the third day the Union soldiers drove the Confederates away from Culp's Hill and were successful in holding the e whole ridge. General Lee fought the Army of the Potomac to a standstill, but he refused to admit failure. Led by Maj. Gen. George Pickett of Virginia, 13,000 men charged across the valley between the two armies directly at the Union center on Cemetery Ridge - this action was later referred to as Pickett's Charge. Some of the Confederate soldiers even penetrated the Union lines. But slowly the Confederates began to waver. The Battle of Gettysburg was won by the Union forces. General Lee retreated leaving the Army of the Potomac for another day. In this tremendous conflict the 72,000 strong Confederacy force lost 31,621 men killed, wounded and taken prisoner. The Union army numbered 94,000 men and lost over 23,000, killed and wounded. The Battles of Vicksburg and Gettysburg together cost the South 62,000 fighting men. It was a loss that could not be made good.

Battle of Gettysburg
The info about the Battle of Gettysburg provides interesting facts and important information about this important event that occured during the presidency of the 16th President of the United States of America.


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30 Facts about the Battle of Gettysburg
The following fact sheet provides 30 interesting facts and information about the Battle of Gettysburg

Civil War for Kids: Battle of Gettysburg Fact Sheet

30 Facts for KidsFacts and Information
Battle of Gettysburg Fact 1Who were the leaders? The leaders of the Battle of Gettysburg were General Robert E. Lee for the Confederacy who opposed General George G. Meade and John F. Reynolds for the Union
Battle of Gettysburg Fact 2When did it start and where was it fought? The date of the conflict was July 1-3 1863 and was fought at Gettysburg, Adams County, Pennsylvania
Battle of Gettysburg Fact 3Who won? It was a Union victory, but the number of losses and both sides were truly horrific. The Battle of Gettysburg stopped the Confederate invasion of the North and forced General Robert E. Lee to withdraw to Virginia.
Battle of Gettysburg Fact 4How many troops were engaged in the Battle? There were approximately 94,000 Union soldiers and 72,000 Confederates
Battle of Gettysburg Fact 5Where is Gettysburg? It's a small town in southern Pennsylvania, southwest of Harrisburg. It only had a population of 2000.  It was the center point of many roads feeding from all different directions
Battle of Gettysburg Fact 6How many casualties were there in the Battle of Gettysburg? It is estimated that there were 23,186 Union losses and 31,621 Confederate casualties
Battle of Gettysburg Fact 7The areas of conflict during the Battle of Gettysburg were Brandy Station, Middleburg, Upperville, Hanover, Gettysburg and Carlisle
Battle of Gettysburg Fact 8The Battle of Gettysburg involved the largest number of casualties in the Civil War
Battle of Gettysburg Fact 9There were approximately 72,000 horses present. Over 5000 mules and horses were killed during the battle. The Cavalry were engaged in classic mounted charges on July 3.
Battle of Gettysburg Fact 10Nearly one-third of the total forces engaged at Gettysburg became casualties.
Battle of Gettysburg Fact 11Women, disguised as soldiers, fought in the horrific battle. One Southern woman is known to have lost a leg during the charge up Cemetery Ridge.
Battle of Gettysburg Fact 12There were relief organizations to help the families of the dead, there were few adequate federal hospitals, there were no dog tags to help identify the dead and there were no federal provisions for burying the dead.
Battle of Gettysburg Fact 13Casualty Lists were unreliable but people clamored for details of the 'Killed, Wounded and Missing' following the horrific Battle of Gettysburg
Battle of Gettysburg Fact 14Every large building in Gettysburg, even the churches were used as hospitals. There were few doctors, nurses or medical supplies. Limbs were amputated without the use of anesthetics 
Battle of Gettysburg Fact 15The soldiers made pacts with each other to tell their families what had had happened to them. A soldier in the Civil War had about a 1 in 4 chance of survival.
Battle of Gettysburg Fact 16The work of burying thousands upon thousands of dead soldiers fell to the Union forces who held the battleground. Bodies were black, bloated and gruesome. The work was so bad that some officers arranged for their men to drink hard liquor before they started their hideous work
Battle of Gettysburg Fact 17There were 120 generals present at Gettysburg of which 9 were killed or mortally wounded during the battle.
Battle of Gettysburg Fact 18General  George Meade took over the Army of the Potomac just 3 days before the Battle of Gettysburg when General Joseph Hooker abruptly resigned.
Battle of Gettysburg Fact 19The Union Blockade had created many shortages in the South and many of the Confederate soldiers were badly equipped. This led rise to the legend that the battle took place because the Confederates moved into Gettysburg looking for shoes. However, there never was a shoe factory or warehouse in the town. Refer to Union Soldiers Uniforms and Confederate Soldiers Uniforms
Battle of Gettysburg Fact 20After the horrific battle, a Confederate wagon train of wounded taking casualties back to Virginia was 17 miles long
Battle of Gettysburg Fact 21The bloody battlefield was a chaotic mess, bodies were strewn for miles. After the battle nearly 40,000 rifles were collected of which 24,000 were still loaded.
Battle of Gettysburg Fact 22The armies were organized with 3-5 regiments forming a brigade, 2-4 brigades forming a division, and 2-3 divisions forming a corps.
Battle of Gettysburg Fact 23Artillery: The Union army had 360 cannons and the Confederate army had 270 cannons. Most of the guns were breech-loading rifles and small arms.
Battle of Gettysburg Fact 24Battle lines emerged based on muskets with a range less than 100 yards. For details of all the weapons used during the conflict refer to Civil War Weapons
Battle of Gettysburg Fact 25Just before the conflict started, Confederate general Robert E. Lee had a heart attack, a reason given for the notoriously costly Pickett’s Charge.
Battle of Gettysburg Fact 26General George Armstrong Custer, the same General who was killed at Little Big Horn, was a Union officer who fought during the conflict
Battle of Gettysburg Fact 2763 union solders were awarded the Medal of Honor after the conflict
Battle of Gettysburg Fact 28The borough of Gettysburg is located on the site of the former farmstead that was once owned by Samuel Gettys. The word 'burg' derives from an old English term meaning town or borough
Battle of Gettysburg Fact 29The 3 day conflict is considered to be the turning point of the Civil War. Gen. Robert E. Lee's defeat by the Army of the Potomac forced his Confederate forces to retreat and they never recovered.
Battle of Gettysburg Fact 30The Gettysburg Address was the name of the 2 minute speech, consisting of 272 words, given by President Lincoln on November 19, 1863 in Gettysburg to dedicate the Soldiers' National Cemetery
30 Facts for KidsFacts and Information: Battle of Gettysburg Fact Sheet

Civil War for Kids: Battle of Gettysburg Fact Sheet

Battle of Gettysburg - President Abraham Lincoln Video
The article on the Battle of Gettysburg provides an overview of one of the major battlefields of the Civil War. The following Abraham Lincoln video will give you additional important facts and dates about the political events experienced by the 16th American President whose presidency spanned from March 4, 1861 to April 15, 1865.




Battle of Gettysburg
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