Civil War Timeline


Abraham Lincoln

Civil War Timeline
Civil War Timeline provides facts, information and dates from the start of the Civil War on April 12, 1861 to its bitter end on May 10, 1865. The Civil War Timeline charts the major events and battles that claimed the lives of over 618,000 men. The Civil War Timeline details a month by month, year by year chronicle of all of the key political and military events of the American Civil War.

Civil War HistoryThe Civil War

American Civil War Timeline
Abraham Lincoln was the 16th American President who served in office from March 4, 1861 to April 15, 1865. This article provides a Civil War Timeline with important facts and information about the major events and battlefields.

Civil War Timeline: Civil War 1860 - 1861 Timeline Dates
Our interesting and factual introduction to the American Civil War is supplemented by a Timeline full of Facts and Information about important events.  The Civil War Timeline starts in 1860 just prior to the outbreak of the Civil War and are detailed in a timeline format on the following chart:


Civil War Timeline Facts and Dates: 1860 - 1861 Civil War Timeline Fact Sheet

Civil War Timeline Facts1860NovemberNovember 6th, 1860 when Abraham Lincoln was elected President of the United States, representing the Republican Party.
Civil War Timeline Facts1860DecemberDecember 18, 1860: The Crittenden Compromise was proposed as a constitutional amendment by Senator John J. Crittenden of Kentucky. The Crittenden Compromise fails.

The First State to Secede was South Carolina on the December 20th, 1860

Civil War Timeline Facts1861JanuaryMore States secede (Mississippi
Civil War Timeline Facts1861FebruaryFebruary 8, 1861: Convention of the first seceding states was held in Montgomery, Alabama. The states agreed to form the Confederate States of America and write a provisional constitution

February 22, 1862: Jefferson Davis was chosen as the President of the Confederate States of America (CSA)

Civil War Timeline Facts1861MarchMarch 2, 1861: Texas becomes the seventh state to secede

March 2, 1861: The Corwin Amendment is proposed as a last-ditch effort to appease the North and South. It fails.

March 4, 1861: Abraham Lincoln is inaugurated as President on March 4, 1861

March 11, 1861: The Constitution of the Confederate States of America is established

Civil War Timeline Facts1861AprilApril 12, 1861: Attack on Fort Sumter - Confederates soldiers under General Pierre Beauregard open fire marking the start of the Civil War

April 15, 1861: President Abraham Lincoln issues a Proclamation calling for 75,000 militiamen

April 19, 1861: Proclamation of Union Blockade. President Lincoln announces the Union Blockade to keep supplies from entering or leaving the Confederacy. The coast of the Confederacy will become subject to the blockade

April 17, 1861: Virginia secedes

April 20, 1861: Robert E. Lee declines command of the Union Army

Civil War Timeline Facts1861MayMay 6, 1861: Arkansas secedes

May 20, 1861: North Carolina secedes

Civil War Timeline Facts1861JuneJune 8, 1861Tennessee secedes
Civil War Timeline Facts1861JulyJuly 2 Union victory Hoke's Run

July 21, 1861 Confederate victory at First Manassas / First Bull Run. Confederate General Thomas J. Jackson earns the nickname "Stonewall" in the Civil War as his brigade resists Union attacks under General Irvin McDowell

July 25, 1861: U.S. Congress passes a resolution declaring that the war is being fought to "preserve the Union," not to destroy slavery

July 27, 1861 - President Lincoln appoints General George B. McClellan as Commander of the Department of the Potomac, replacing General McDowell

Civil War Timeline Facts1861SeptemberConfederate troops enter Kentucky, ending the state's neutrality
Civil War Timeline Facts1861NovemberNovember 1, 1861 - President Lincoln appoints McClellan as general-in-chief of all Union forces after the resignation of Winfield Scott

November 7, 1861:  Jefferson Davis elected regular president of the Confederacy

November 8, 1861: England threatens war if two Confederate officials sailing toward England are not released. President Lincoln agrees.

Civil War Timeline Facts1861DecemberDecember 28, 1861: Missouri admitted to Confederacy despite not having seceded.

Civil War Timeline Facts and Dates: 1860 - 1861 Civil War Timeline Chart

Civil War Timeline: 1862 Civil War Timeline Dates
The Civil War Timeline Facts and dates in 1862 are detailed in a timeline format on the following chart:

Civil War Timeline Facts: Civil War 1862 Timeline Chart

Civil War Timeline Facts1862JanuaryJanuary 31, 1862: President Lincoln issues war order authorizing the Union to launch a unified aggressive action of naval and land forces against the Confederacy in the Civil War
Civil War Timeline Facts1862FebruaryFebruary 20, 1862: Willie, the eleven-year-old son of Abraham Lincoln, dies from fever

February 25, 1862: Nashville is first Confederate state capital to fall to Union troops in the Civil War

Civil War Timeline Facts1862MarchThe Peninsular Campaign in the Civil War begins. President Lincoln relieves General McClellan, on a temporary basis, as general-in-chief and takes direct command of the Union Armies

March 8-9, 1862: Ironclads in the Civil War. Monitor vs. Virginia (Merrimack), Inconclusive Battle at of the Ironclads
Civil War Timeline Facts1862AprilApril 6-7, 1862: Union victory the Battle of Shiloh - Massive casualties on both sides. The Confederate surprise attack on General Ulysses S. Grant's unprepared troops at Shiloh on the Tennessee River results in 13,000 Union soldiers and 10,000 Confederates killed and wounded, more men were casualties in the Civil War than in all previous American wars combined

April 25–May 1, 1862:  Union victory at New Orleans, the South's greatest seaport

General McClellan's troops left northern Virginia to begin the Peninsular Campaign

Civil War Timeline Facts1862MayMay 31, 1862:  Inconclusive Battle at Seven Pines - General Joseph E. Johnston is badly wounded
Civil War Timeline Facts1862JuneJune 1, 1862: General Robert E. Lee assumes command in the Civil War, replacing the wounded Johnston
Civil War Timeline Facts1862JulyJuly: US Congress passes the Militia Act authorizing Lincoln to use black soldiers but they are paid only half of what the white soldiers are paid in the Civil War

July 11, 1862: President Abraham Lincoln hands over the task of general-in-chief to General Henry W. Halleck (Old Brains)

Civil War Timeline Facts1862AugustAugust 22, 1862:  President Lincoln issues the "Greeley Letter" in response to Horace Greeley's editorial "A Prayer of Twenty Millions."

August 29/30, 1862: 75,000 Federal troops under General John Pope are defeated by 55,000 Confederate troops under General Stonewall Jackson and General James Longstreet at the Second battle of Bull Run in northern Virginia

Civil War Timeline Facts1862SeptemberSeptember 4-9, 1862: General Robert E Lee invades the North with 50,000 Confederate troops and heads for Harpers Ferry, 50 miles from Washington

September 17, 1862 - Battle of Antietam The bloodiest day in U.S. military history as General Robert E. Lee and the Confederate Armies are stopped at  in Maryland by General McClellan. The battle leaves 26,000 men are dead, wounded, or missing. General Robert E. Lee withdraws to Virginia.

September 22, 1862: President Lincoln issues a Preliminary Emancipation Proclamation freeing slaves in the Civil War

Civil War Timeline Facts1862NovemberNovember 7, 1862:: President Lincoln replaces McClellan with General Ambrose E. Burnside as the new Commander of the Army of the Potomac
Civil War Timeline Facts1862DecemberDecember 11-15 Confederate Victory at Fredericksburg in the Civil War. The army of the Potomac under General Burnside is defeated defeat at Fredericksburg in Virginia with a loss of 12,653. Confederate losses are 5,309

Civil War Timeline Facts and Dates: 1862 Civil War Timeline Chart

Civil War Timeline: 1863 Civil War Timeline Dates
The Civil War Timeline Facts and dates in 1863 are detailed in a timeline format on the following chart:

Civil War Timeline Facts: 1863 Civil War Timeline Chart

Civil War Timeline Facts1863JanuaryJanuary 1, 1863: The Emancipation Proclamation. President Lincoln issues an executive order freeing many slaves. The war to preserve the Union now becomes a Civil War revolutionary struggle for the abolition of slavery

January 25, 1863: President Lincoln appoints General Joseph (Fighting Joe) Hooker as Commander of the Army of the Potomac, replacing General Burnside.

January 29, 1863: General Ulysses Grant is placed in command of the Army of the West in the Civil War, with orders to capture Vicksburg.

Civil War Timeline Facts1863FebruaryFebruary 3 Union Victory at Dover / Fort Donelson
February 28 Union USS Montauk destroys Confederate Privateer Rattlesnake
Civil War Timeline Facts1863March1863 March March 3, The Conscription Act (Enrolment Act) is passed during the Civil War. The U.S. Congress enacts a draft, for male citizens aged 20 to 45, but also exempts those who pay $300 or provide a substitute.

March 30-April 20, 1863:  Inconclusive Battle at Washington

Civil War Timeline Facts1863AprilApril 7, 1863: Confederate Victory at Charleston Harbor / Fort Sumter
Civil War Timeline Facts1863MayApril 30 - May 6, 1863: Chancellorsville.  Confederate Victory at Chancellorsville. The Union Army under General Hooker is decisively defeated by the brilliant tactics of General Robert E. Lee's smaller forces at the Battle of Chancellorsville in Virginia. Confederate General Stonewall Jackson is mortally wounded in this battle of the Civil War. Union losses are 17,000 killed, wounded and missing out of 130,000 troops. The Confederate losses were 13, 000 out of 60,000 soldiers. 

May 18-July 4 Union Victory at Vicksburg
Civil War Timeline Facts1863JuneJune 3, 1863: General Robert E Lee marches North towards Pennsylvania (a journey which leads to Gettysburg)

June 28, 1863: President Lincoln replaces Hooker with George G. Meade as commander of the Army of the Potomac

Civil War Timeline Facts1863JulyJuly 1-3, 1863: The Battle of Gettysburg. A major victory for the North and the Union starts to win the Civil War. The  Battle of Gettysburg in Pennsylvania results in massive casualties in the Civil War

July 4, 1863: The Siege of Vicksburg. Vicksburg, the last Confederate stronghold on the Mississippi River, surrenders to General Ulysses Grant after a 6 week siege. With the Union now in control of the Mississippi, the Confederacy is effectively split in two and cut off from its western forces in the Civil War

July 13-16, 1863 - Anti-draft riots in New York City include arson and the murder of blacks by poor white immigrants. Union soldiers returning from Gettysburg restore order.

July 18, 1863 - 'Negro troops' of the 54th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment under Colonel Robert G. Shaw assault Fort Wagner, South Carolina. Colonel Shaw and half of the 600 men in the regiment are killed

Civil War Timeline Facts1863August

August 10, 1863: President Lincoln meets with abolitionist Frederick Douglass regarding equality for Union 'Negro troops.' in the Civil War

August 21, 1863: Confederate William C. Quantrill raids Lawrence, Kansas and massacres 182 men.

Civil War Timeline Facts1863SeptemberSeptember 18-20 Confederate Victory at Chickamauga under General Braxton Bragg's Army of Tennessee

Tennessee under Confederate siege in the Civil War

Civil War Timeline Facts1863OctoberOctober 16, 1863: President Lincoln appoints General Grant to command all operations in the western theater in the Civil War.
Civil War Timeline Facts1863NovemberNovember 19, 1863: President Lincoln dedicates a portion of the Gettysburg battlefield as a national cemetery, and delivers the two minute "Gettysburg Address."

November 23-25, 1863: Union Victory at Chattanooga. General Grant defeats the siege army of General Braxton Bragg.

Civil War Timeline Facts: 1863 Civil War Timeline Chart Fact Sheet

Civil War Timeline Facts
The info about the Civil War Timeline Facts provides interesting facts and important information about this important event that occured during the presidency of the 16th President of the United States of America.


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Civil War Timeline: 1864 Civil War Timeline Dates
The Civil War Timeline Facts and dates in 1864 are detailed in a timeline format on the following chart:

Civil War Timeline Facts: 1864 Civil War Timeline Chart Fact Sheet

Civil War Timeline Facts1864MarchMarch 9, 1864: President Abraham Lincoln appoints General Grant to command all of the armies of the United States in the Civil War. General William T. Sherman succeeds Grant as commander in the west
Civil War Timeline Facts1864MayMay 4, 1864: The start of a massive campaign in the Civil War involving all the Union Armies. General Grant with 120,000 troops advances towards Richmond, Virginia to engage General Lee's Army of 64,000. Major battles follow at the Wilderness (May 5-6), Spotsylvania (May 8-12), and Cold Harbor (June 1-3).

In the west, General Sherman, with 100,000 troops starts an advance toward Atlanta to engage the 60,000 strong Army of Tennessee under Joseph E. Johnston
Civil War Timeline Facts1864JuneJune 15, 1864: Nine month Siege of Petersburg begins in the Civil War with General Grant's forces surrounding Lee
Civil War Timeline Facts1864SeptemberSeptember 2: The city of Atlanta is captured by General Sherman's Army. General Sherman, with 62,000 troops begin the destructive "scorched earth policy" and the March to the Sea in the Civil War
Civil War Timeline Facts1864NovemberNovember 8, 1864: Abraham Lincoln is re-elected president during the Civil War, defeating Democrat George B. McClellan
Civil War Timeline Facts1864DecemberDecember 15-16 Union Triumph at Nashville. General Hood's Rebel Army of 23,000 is crushed at Nashville by 55,000 Union soldiers under General George H. Thomas.

December 21, 1864: General Sherman reaches Savannah, Georgia leaving behind a 300 mile path of burning destruction 60 miles wide from Atlanta to Savannah in Sherman's March to the Sea during the Civil War

Civil War Timeline Facts: 1864 Civil War Timeline Chart

Civil War Timeline: 1865 Civil War Timeline Dates
The Civil War Timeline Facts and dates in 1865 are detailed in a timeline format on the following chart:

Civil War Timeline Facts: 1865 Civil War Timeline Chart

Civil War Timeline Facts1865JanuaryJanuary 31, 1865: Congress approves the 13th Amendment to the United States Constitution to abolish slavery during the in the Civil War
Civil War Timeline Facts1865FebruaryFebruary 3, 1865: The Hampton Roads Conference, a four-hour peace conference  between President Lincoln and Confederate Vice President Alexander Stephens in an attempt to end the American Civil War
Civil War Timeline Facts1865MarchMarch 4, 1865: President Lincoln is inaugurated in Washington in the Civil War

March 25, 1865: The last offensive for General Lee's Army of Northern Virginia begins with an attack on  General Grant's forces at Petersburg

Civil War Timeline Facts1865AprilApril 9: General Robert E. Lee surrenders his Confederate Army to General Ulysses S. Grant following the Battle of Appomattox Court House in Virginia. Also refer to Surrender of Appomattox

April 14, 1865: President Abraham Lincoln is assassinated by John Wilkes Booth at  Ford's Theatre. Vice President Andrew Johnson assumes the presidency

April 18, 1865: General Joseph E. Johnston surrenders to General Sherman near Durham in North Carolina

Civil War Timeline Facts1865MayMay 12-13, 1865: Confederate Victory at Palmito Ranch. The last major conflict in the American Civil war

All remaining Confederate forces surrender to the Union
refer to the End of the Civil War

Reconstruction of the South (1865-1877) following the in the Civil War. The South is occupied by Federal troops while state governments and economies are established and the  infrastructure of the South is rebuilt.

Civil War Timeline Facts: 1865 Civil War Timeline Chart Fact Sheet

Civil War Timeline Facts- President Abraham Lincoln Video
The article on the Civil War Timeline provides an overview of the major events during the war that divided the nation. The following Abraham Lincoln video will give you additional important facts and dates about the political events experienced by the 16th American President whose presidency spanned from March 4, 1861 to April 15, 1865.




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