Battle of Atlanta

 

Abraham Lincoln

Short Summary of the Battle of Atlanta
Short Summary: The Battle of Atlanta
was fought on July 22, 1864 by the Union Army by the Union  forces led by Major General William T. Sherman and the Confederate Army led by General John Bell Hood. This famous Civil War battle was fought between over 34,000 Union soldiers and 60,000 Confederate troops. At the end the day's bloody conflict the Union losses were over 3,500 and the Confederate losses amounted to over 5,500,  it was a victory for the Union.

Civil War BattlesThe Civil War

Battle of Atlanta
Abraham Lincoln was the 16th American President who served in office from March 4, 1861 to April 15, 1865. One of the major battlefields in the Civil War during his presidency was the horrific Battle of Atlanta in Georgia.

Facts about the Battle of Atlanta
The main battles of the Civil War were
divided into two principal theaters in which the major military operations took place. The Battle of Atlanta was fought in Georgia in the Western theater of the Civil War.

  • The Western Theater that comprised of the area west of the Appalachians and east of the Mississippi River

Facts about the Battle of Atlanta
The armies involved in the Atlanta Campaign and the Battle of Atlanta were the Union Military Division of the Mississippi and the Confederate Army of Tennessee. The goal of William T. Sherman was to destroy the Army of the Tennessee, capture Atlanta and cut off vital Confederate supply lines.

Civil War BattlegroundsCivil War Theater Map - Civil War Battlegrounds

Facts about the Battle of Atlanta
The Atlanta Campaign was a series of battles fought over a period of six weeks in the Western Theater of the Civil War throughout northwest Georgia and the area around the Southern city of Atlanta. General William T. Sherman invaded Georgia following the Union victory at the Battle of Chattanooga in Tennessee, in May 1864. The Union forces were opposed by the Confederate general Joseph E. Johnston, who was later replaced by General John Bell Hood. General William T. Sherman had 100,000 veterans, led by Generals George Henry Thomas, James B. McPherson, and John Schofield. The Confederate forces, led by General Johnston, had fewer men, but he occupied strongly fortified positions. Over the period of the Atlanta Campaign General William T. Sherman forced General Johnston back until, after 2 months of continuous fighting, the Confederate general found himself in the vicinity of Atlanta, the most important manufacturing center in the South.

Facts about the Battle of Atlanta: Johnston replaced by John Bell Hood
It was imperative for the Confederacy keep control of the city of Atlanta. However, General Johnston was no match for  the forceful and ruthless Sherman and the more aggressive General John Bell Hood was appointed in his place. General Hood fought bravely and courageously attacked General Sherman and his troops over and over again - only to be beaten with heavy, devastating Confederate losses. On July 22, 1864 General John Bell Hood was finally forced to abandon Atlanta to save what was left of his army and went on to fight the Battle of Nashville. From May to September during the Atlanta campaign General Sherman had lost 22,000 men, but the Confederate Army had lost 35,000 men - and the city of Atlanta too. With the city under the control of the Union, William Tecumseh Sherman embarked on his destructive March to the Sea and his "scorched earth" policy that laid waste to the countryside and hastened the defeat of the Confederacy.

Facts about the Battle of Atlanta: The Confederate City of Atlanta
The Southern city of Atlanta was founded in 1837 as a railway center for northwestern Georgia. In fact the original name of the city of Atlanta was "Terminus." By the time of the Civil War, the population had reached over 3,000. Atlanta was a symbol of Southern pride and strength. Due to its location and commercial importance, the town was used as a center for Confederate military operations and as a supply route by the CSA army during the Civil War. General Sherman was merciless. He ordered that all of the military resources, including munitions factories, railway yards and clothing mills be burned to the ground. The Burning of Atlanta is featured in the old movie, Gone with the Wind. The fire got completely out of control and Atlanta was left in ruins.

Facts about the Battle of Atlanta
The following short fact sheet provides interesting facts and information about the Battle of Atlanta, one of the major battles that was fought during the American Civil War
(April 12, 1861 and continued until May 10, 1865).

Battle of Atlanta: FAQ's (Frequently Asked Questions for kids)

Facts for KidsQuestions and Answers
Battle of Atlanta Fact 1Q. Where was the Battle of Atlanta fought?
A. The Battle was fought in Fulton County, Georgia
 
Battle of Atlanta Fact 2Q. When was the Battle of Atlanta fought?
The Battle of Atlanta was fought on July 22, 1864 towards the end of the Civil War
 
Battle of Atlanta Fact 3Q. Who won the Battle of Atlanta?
A. The Battle
was won by the Union forces
 
Battle of Atlanta Fact 4Q. Who were the generals and leaders?
A. The Confederate general was John Bell Hood. The Union Generals were Major General William T. Sherman and James B. McPherson
 
Battle of Atlanta Fact 5Q. How many men fought in the Battle of Atlanta?
A. The strength of the Union force was 34,863. The number of Confederate soldiers at the battle totaled 40,438.

Battle of Atlanta: FAQ's (Frequently Asked Questions for kids)

Battle of Atlanta
The info about the Battle of Atlanta provides interesting facts and important information about this important Civil War conflict that occured during the presidency of the 16th President of the United States of America.

 

Presidential Seal

 

Battle of Atlanta: FAQ's (Frequently Asked Questions for kids)

Facts for KidsQuestions and Answers
Battle of Atlanta Fact 6Q. How many Union casualties were there?
A. The total number of Union losses were 3,641: Number Killed 500, Number Wounded 2,141, Number Captured / Missing 1,000.
 
Battle of Atlanta Fact 7Q. How many Confederate casualties were there?
A.
The total number of Confederate losses at the battle were 8,499.
 
Battle of Atlanta Fact 8Q. Why was the Battle of Atlanta important?
A. It was
strategically significant because it was an important railroad used to carry goods and supplies. The victory at Atlanta was politically significant as it greatly increased morale in the North and contributed to aiding the reelection of Abraham Lincoln over George McClellan.
 
Battle of Atlanta Fact 9After ordering the evacuation of the city of Atlanta, General William T. Sherman burned most of the buildings in the city, regardless or whether it was military or not.
 
Battle of Atlanta Fact 10Union guns fired approximately 5,000 shells into the town. The people of the town were panic-stricken and found shelter in the basements of houses or "bombproof" dugouts.

Battle of Atlanta: FAQ's (Frequently Asked Questions for kids)

Battle of Atlanta - President Abraham Lincoln Video
The article on the Battle of Atlanta provides an overview of one of the major events of his presidential term in office. The following Abraham Lincoln video will give you additional important facts and dates about the political events experienced by the 16th American President whose presidency spanned from March 4, 1861 to April 15, 1865.

 

 

 

Battle of Atlanta
 
Interesting Facts about Battle of Atlanta for kids and schools
Definition of this famous event in US history
Famous battle of the Civil War, a major event in US history
Famous Battle in the Civil War
Fast facts and info about major events in his presidency
Foreign & Domestic policies of President Abraham Lincoln
Abraham Lincoln Presidency and Battle of Atlanta for schools, homework, kids and children

 Battle of Atlanta - US History - Facts - Summary - Definition - American - Battle of Atlanta - US - USA - America - Dates - United States - Kids - Children - Schools - Battle of Atlanta - Homework - Important - Facts - Issues - Key - Main - Major - History - Interesting - Info - Information - American History - Facts - Historical - Union - Confederacy - Battle of Atlanta - US History - Facts - Major Event - Definition - American - US - USA - America - Dates - United States - Kids - Children - Schools - Atlanta - Homework - Important - Facts - Issues - Key - Main - Major - History - Interesting - Info - Information - Battle of Atlanta - American History - Facts - Historical - Major Events - Battle of Atlanta