Siege of Petersburg

 

Abraham Lincoln

Short Summary of the Siege of Petersburg
Short Summary: The Siege of Petersburg
was fought from June 9, 1864 and ended on April 2, 1865 by the Union  forces led by Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant and Major General George G. Meade against the Confederate Army led by General Robert E. Lee supported by General P.G.T. Beauregard. This famous Civil War sieges was fought between over 100,000 Union soldiers and 52,000 Confederate troops. At the end of siege of Petersburg the Union losses were over 42,000 and the Confederate losses amounted to over 28,000 losses. It was a victory for the Union which would lead the end of the Civil War.

Civil War BattlesThe Civil War

Siege of Petersburg
Abraham Lincoln was the 16th American President who served in office from March 4, 1861 to April 15, 1865. One of the major conflicts in the Civil War during his presidency was the horrific Siege of Petersburg.

     

Facts about the Siege of Petersburg
The main battles of the Civil War were
divided into two principal theaters in which the major military operations took place. The Siege of Petersburg was fought in Virginia in the Eastern theater.

  • The Eastern Theater that comprised of the area east of the Appalachians in the locality of the rival capitals of Washington and Richmond

Facts about the Siege of Petersburg
The Petersburg campaign was nine months of trench warfare in which Union forces commanded by General Ulysses S. Grant fought against the Confederate forces of Robert E. Lee.

Civil War BattlegroundsCivil War Theater Map - Civil War Battlegrounds

Facts about the Siege of Petersburg
After General Grant's devastating loss at Cold Harbor he knew a direct assault on Richmond would be fruitless and began to move his main army across the James River to Petersburg. Petersburg was an extremely important supply center of the Confederacy and its capital of Richmond. Petersburg had five railroads and several key roads and its capture would result in a huge tactical success for the Union.  Petersburg was tactically important as it guarded the roads leading from the Confederate capital of Richmond and was, in reality, a part of the defenses of Richmond. Grant believed that if he could capture Petersburg it would lead to the fall of Richmond. The Confederate defenders of Petersburg were led by General P.G.T. Beauregard who was joined by General Lee with his army. The Petersburg campaign took on the form of not so much a siege (supply lines to the town were intact as Union forces were unable to manage a complete blockade of the city) but rather a conflict involving trench warfare , meaning supplies and troops could come and go, including by train. If Petersburg, and its railroads and roads fell into Union hands, the Confederate capital would have to be abandoned. The opposing sides continuously lengthened their battle lines, but this process could not go on forever.

Facts about the Siege of Petersburg: The End of the Siege
The Confederacy was becoming weaker and there were no more men to be sent to General Lee. Sooner or later his line would become so weak that General Ulysses Grant would be able to break through. Hundreds of individual battles and skirmishes were fought during the Siege Of Petersburg and the Confederates were eventually completely worn down by the relentless assaults of the Union forces. The end of the Siege of Petersburg came in sight on April 1, 1865 when General Grant ordered General Phillip Sheridan to attack the southern section of the Confederate lines and the South Side Railroad which was the last remaining railroad into the city of Petersburg. General Sheridan defeated Confederate General George Pickett at Five Forks. On April 2, 1865 General Ulysses S. Grant ordered an all out Union attack and General Lee's right flank was crushed. General Robert E. Lee had no alternative but to evacuate Petersburg the night of April 2. The brave defense of Fort Gregg, a Confederate fort located near Petersburg, enabled General Lee and his remaining troops to escape. The siege of Petersburg was over. The Confederacy capital of Richmond was also finally abandoned.  - and the end of the Civil War was in sight. General Lee and his remaining starving Confederate soldiers would soon be forced to surrender at Appomattox Court House.

Facts about the Siege of Petersburg
The following short fact sheet provides interesting facts and information about the Siege of Petersburg, one of the major battles that was fought during the American Civil War
(April 12, 1861 and continued until May 10, 1865).

Siege of Petersburg: FAQ's (Frequently Asked Questions for kids)

Facts for KidsQuestions and Answers
Siege of Petersburg Fact 1Q. Where was the Siege of Petersburg fought?
A. It was fought in Petersburg, Virginia
 
Siege of Petersburg Fact 2Q. When was the Siege of Petersburg fought?
It was fought from from June 9, 1864 and ended on April 2, 1865
 
Siege of Petersburg Fact 3Q. Who won the Siege of Petersburg?
A. The siege of Petersburg
was won by the Union forces
 
Siege of Petersburg Fact 4Q. Who were the generals and leaders?
A. The Confederate generals were Robert E. Lee, P.G.T. Beauregard, and Lt. Gen. James Longstreet. The Union Generals were
Ulysses S. Grant, George G. Meade and Benjamin F. Butler
 
Siege of Petersburg Fact 5Q. How many men fought in the Siege of Petersburg?
A. The strength of the Union force was over 100,000. The number of Confederate soldiers totaled 52,000.

Siege of Petersburg: FAQ's (Frequently Asked Questions for kids)

Siege of Petersburg
The info about the Siege of Petersburg provides interesting facts and important information about this important Civil War conflict that occured during the presidency of the 16th President of the United States of America.

 

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Siege of Petersburg: FAQ's (Frequently Asked Questions for kids)

Facts for KidsQuestions and Answers
Siege of Petersburg Fact 6Q. How many Union casualties were there?
A. The estimated number of Union losses were 42,000.
 
Siege of Petersburg Fact 7Q. How many Confederate casualties were there?
A.
The total number of Confederate losses were 28,000
 
Siege of Petersburg Fact 8Q. Why was the Siege of Petersburg important?
A. It was
strategically significant because
 
Siege of Petersburg Fact 9Q. What happened at Fort Gregg?
A. At Fort Gregg a tiny, brave force of  just 600 Confederate soldiers held off 5,000 Union troops for nearly 2 hours, which bought time for General Robert E. Lee and the Confederate soldiers to evacuate Petersburg on the night of April 2, 1865
 
Siege of Petersburg Fact 10By the end of the Siege of Petersburg the Confederate soldiers were starving, whilst the Union troops were well supplied from their base at City Point on the James River.

Siege of Petersburg: FAQ's (Frequently Asked Questions for kids)

Siege of Petersburg - President Abraham Lincoln Video
The article on the Siege of Petersburg provides an overview of one of the major events of his presidential term in office. The following Abraham Lincoln video will give you additional important facts and dates about the political events experienced by the 16th American President whose presidency spanned from March 4, 1861 to April 15, 1865.

 

 

 

Siege of Petersburg
 
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Abraham Lincoln Presidency from March 4, 1861 to April 15, 1865
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Abraham Lincoln Presidency and Siege of Petersburg for schools, homework, kids and children

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