Battle of Corinth

 

Abraham Lincoln

Short Summary of the Battle of Corinth
Short Summary: The First Battle of Corinth
was fought on April 29-June 10, 1862 by the Union Army led by Major General Henry W. Halleck and the Confederate Army led by General P.G.T. Beauregard. This famous Civil War battle was fought between 120,000 Union soldiers and 65,000 Confederate troops. It was a victory for the Union but the Confederates avoided any losses and saved their army.

Civil War BattlesThe Civil War

First Battle of Corinth
Abraham Lincoln was the 16th American President who served in office from March 4, 1861 to April 15, 1865. One of the major battlefields in the Civil War during his presidency was the horrific Battle of Corinth in Corinth, Mississippi.

     

Facts about the First Battle of Corinth
The main battles of the Civil War were
divided into two principal theaters in which the major military operations took place. The Battle of Corinth was fought in Mississippi in the Western theater of the Civil War.

  • The Western Theater that comprised of the area west of the Appalachians and east of the Mississippi River

Facts about the First Battle of Corinth
The small town of Corinth, Mississippi was strategically important because it was where two railroads met. The meeting of the Memphis and Charleston Railroad and the Mobile and Ohio Railroad was a fast transport route for supplies to the armies who controlled Corinth.

Civil War BattlegroundsCivil War Theater Map - Civil War Battlegrounds

Facts about the First Battle of Corinth
The
Confederate forces had been forced to retreat, putting an end to their hopes that they could block the Union advance into northern Mississippi. Following the Battle of Shiloh in April 1862, Major General Henry W. Halleck merged the Union forces of the Western Theater of the Civil War, joining the army of General John Pope with the forces of General Grant and General Buell. The Union forces far outnumbered that of the Confederacy - General P.G.T. Beauregard decided that he needed to establish an escape route to save his army.

Facts about the First Battle of Corinth: The Hoax of General P.G.T. Beauregard
General P.G.T. Beauregard developed an amazing plan. General Beauregard and his commanders issued instructions to their troops that they were to prepare for battle. Spies reported these plans to the Confederacy. However,  on the night of May 29, 1862, instead of fighting the Confederate army moved out of Corinth. To keep up their pretence of battle camp fires were kept burning, guns set up and decoys were playing drums and bugles. When a train arrived on the Mobile and Ohio Railroad, the Confederate soldiers cheered as though reinforcements were arriving. But instead of soldiers disembarking from the train, the sick and wounded were put on to the train together with heavy artillery and tons of supplies. The rest of the Confederate soldiers slipped away from Corinth undetected and made their way to Tupelo, Mississippi. When Union troops entered Corinth on the following morning of May 30, they found the Confederate army was gone.

 

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Facts about the Battle of Corinth
The following short fact sheet provides interesting facts and information about the Battle of Corinth, one of the major battles that was fought during the American Civil War
(April 12, 1861 and continued until May 10, 1865).

Battle of Corinth: FAQ's (Frequently Asked Questions for kids)

Facts for KidsQuestions and Answers
Battle of Corinth Fact 1Q. Where was the First Battle of Corinth fought?
A. It was fought in Corinth, Mississippi.
 
Battle of Corinth Fact 2Q. When was the First Battle of Corinth fought?
It was fought on April 29, 1862 - June 10, 1862
 
Battle of Corinth Fact 3Q. Who won the First Battle of Corinth?
A. The
battle was won by the Union forces
 
Battle of Corinth Fact 4Q. Who were the generals and leaders?
A. The Confederate general was General P.G.T. Beauregard. The Union Generals
was Major General Henry W. Halleck
 
Battle of Corinth Fact 5Q. Why was the Battle of Corinth important?
A. It was
strategically significant because the Union had consolidated their position in northern Mississippi.
 
Battle of Corinth Fact 6A Confederate army led by Major General Earl Van Dorn attempted to retake the city of Corinth in October 1862, but was defeated in the Second Battle of Corinth by a Union army under the command of Major General William Rosecrans.

Battle of Corinth: FAQ's (Frequently Asked Questions for kids)

Battle of Corinth - President Abraham Lincoln Video
The article on the Battle of Corinth provides an overview of one of the major events of his presidential term in office. The following Abraham Lincoln video will give you additional important facts and dates about the political events experienced by the 16th American President whose presidency spanned from March 4, 1861 to April 15, 1865.

 

 

 

First Battle of Corinth
 
Interesting Facts about First Battle of Corinth for kids and schools
Definition of this famous event in US history
Famous battle of the Civil War, a major event in US history
Abraham Lincoln Presidency from March 4, 1861 to April 15, 1865
Fast facts and info about major events in his presidency
Foreign & Domestic policies of President Abraham Lincoln
Abraham Lincoln Presidency and the First Battle of Corinth for schools, homework, kids and children

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